Europe’s Latest Regulations for Electric Scooters and Bikes

The Shift in E-Mobility Laws

As Europe embraces the green transportation revolution, countries are updating their laws to accommodate the rise of electric scooters (e-scooters) and electric bikes (e-bikes). Let’s dive into how Germany, Italy, France, Portugal and Ireland are navigating these changes.

Adapting to New Laws for E-Scooters and E-Bikes

Germany: Safety and Certification

In Germany, e-scooters must be ABE certified, ensuring they meet safety standards. Riders must be at least 14 years old, and while helmets are recommended, they are not mandatory. E-scooters are to be used on roads or bike paths. Additionally, e-bikes with a power output up to 250W and a motor cut-off speed of 25 km/h are treated as bicycles under German law, not requiring additional licensing or insurance.


Italy: Increased Regulations

Italy is introducing stricter regulations for e-scooter users, including mandatory helmets, insurance, and number plates. These regulations are part of an effort to enhance safety and reduce accidents. E-bikes in Italy follow similar regulations, where those capable of speeds over 25 km/h are subject to more stringent rules​​​​.


France: Paris Leads with a Ban

France has increased the minimum age for e-scooter usage to 14 and raised fines for riding with passengers. Paris has notably banned rental e-scooters following a referendum. However, the rest of France is aiming for tighter regulations rather than an outright ban. For e-bikes, France follows EU regulations, where those exceeding a speed of 25 km/h are classified differently and require additional measures​​​​.
In Paris, the public voted to ban rental e-scooters, addressing concerns over safety and street clutter. This decision has set a precedent in urban e-mobility regulation, reflecting a commitment to pedestrian safety and urban planning​​.


Ireland: Setting New Standards

Ireland’s Road Traffic and Roads Act 2023 has created a new category for e-scooters, named Powered Personal Transporters (PPTs), which do not require registration, motor tax, insurance, or a driving license. E-bikes are also clearly defined; those with a power output up to 250W and a motor cut-off speed of 25 km/h are treated as bicycles, while more powerful e-bikes are classified as e-mopeds and require licensing and insurance starting from Q1 2024​​​​​​​​.


Portugal: Incentivizing Green Mobility

Portugal has reduced the VAT on electric bikes and scooters to 6%, a move to make eco-friendly transport more accessible. This reduction is part of a broader initiative to encourage sustainable transportation. Portugal’s regulations for e-scooters and e-bikes align with general EU standards, focusing on safety and accessibility​​.


A Diverse Approach to E-Mobility

As Europe’s e-mobility landscape evolves, countries are adopting diverse strategies to integrate e-scooters and e-bikes into their urban fabric. From Germany’s focus on safety and certification to Portugal’s tax incentives, each country is tailoring its approach to suit its unique needs. Users must stay informed and compliant with these changing regulations to be part of Europe’s sustainable transportation future. Stay tuned as we continue to navigate the dynamic world of European e-mobility.


Concluding Thoughts: Embracing Europe's E-Mobility Future

It’s crucial for e-scooter and e-bike users in Europe to stay updated with these evolving regulations. Whether it’s understanding Germany’s ABE certification, adhering to Italy’s safety laws, navigating France’s nuanced approach, benefiting from Portugal’s tax incentives, complying with Paris’s ban, or following Ireland’s new categorization, being aware of these rules ensures safe and legal use of e-mobility. Keep an eye on this space for more updates as Europe leads the way in sustainable urban transportation.


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